In June 2012, the communal protests in Myanmar between region Rohingya Muslims. And Rakhine Buddhists began to erupt within the State of Rakhine. After the subsequent crackdown as well as persecution of the area’s Rohingya and Buddhists. Violence by the state caused forced displacements of the Muslim minority. The result was what we call Myanmar’s Rohingya issue.
Five years later, the issue has now become a fully-fledged human rights crisis, and it’s now an appropriate time. For Association of South-East Asian nations (ASEAN) to come up with an international response.
At the end of October The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees had registered. 55,000 Rohingyas in Malaysia who, in the majority, have fled via boat. About 33,000 Rohingyas live at refugee camp situated in Kutupalong in Malaysia and Nayapara in Bangladesh. As well as the remaining 300,000 to 500,000 refugees are thought to have retreated outside of the nation. Rohingya refugees are also temporarily located at temporary locations in Thailand, Indonesia and India.
Many others have been moving about and, between both 2014 and in 2015. Many of them stayed for up to a whole month. On overcrowded vessels in the oceans off the coasts of Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand.
Region And Attracted Global Attention
This huge refugee crisis has raised security issues within the ASEAN region and attracted global attention. In part because the Rohingya population is falling victims to organized human trafficking networks.
The Rohingya problem has become a regional issue with local implications. The solution to this issue in the longer term will require local solutions however. For the moment the prevention of any further Rohingya subjugation. Is the top human rights priority for ASEAN members and internationally.
Local Issue, Region Consequences
The management of refugees within the ASEAN region is always controversial due to. The fact that refugees are considered not a traditional security threat. And many countries do not have effective refugee protection tools and mechanisms. Other than Cambodia, the Philippines, Timor Leste and Cambodia there are no of the other ASEAN member has signed. On to the Geneva Convention of Refugees and its protocol.
In Myanmar the very term Rohingya is highly debate. According to the authorities, they are illegal Bangladeshi immigrants, who are not allow to being grant Myanmar citizenship or nationality as per the law of 1882. Burma Citizenship Law. Even they are living throughout Myanmar since before it was declare sovereign from British.
The Rohingyas are minor Muslim communities in the Buddhist majority of Myanmar. In Myanmar’s inhabitants of over 51 million approximately 1.2 million people are Rohingyas. However, in the northwestern Rakhine region, which is where the bulk of Rohingyas reside in townships, they’re more prevalent than Buddhists.
The violence of Myanmar’s security forces is beginning to radicalize a portion of the populace. It is report that there are growing links with those in the Rohingya militant faction (the HaY) and extremist groups in the Middle East. This should be of issue in everyone in the ASEAN countries. However, any signs of radicalisation must not serve as a justification to justify violence backed by the state and hinder peace-based solutions for the human crisis.
The Dilemma Of Local Solutions
Solutions to the Myanmar’s Rohingya problem can take diverse varieties. The first and most important thing is that violence backed by the state must stop and be accompanied by respect for the rights of human beings. First of all, aid agencies are allow to provide aid for those Rohingyas (aid agencies have been denied access to the northern part of Rakhine state for a long time has been refuse).
Inclusionary dialogue and the development of mutual respect and cooperation could aid in tackling the issue. However, long-term solutions to the issue are not possible without addressing the structural violence that is prevalent.
Since the Rohingyas aren’t recognize as citizens as such, they are denied essential services like education, public health and work. Only reforms in policy that examine and acknowledge the citizenship rights of the Rohingyas as well as give them justice for all will solve this issue of sociopolitics in the long-term.
Anytime In The Near Future Region
It’s unlikely that it will occur anytime in the near future. On December 16, 2016, the Myanmar’s Government created an investigation commission to probe the violence that took place at the state of Rakhine state in October of 2016. The commission found no evidence of genocide or persecuting of the Rohingyas there, which is in stark contrast to other reports.
The support of the Burmese military is also an important factor. Since the country’s recent transition to democracy the military has a lot of influence in the country, having 25% of seats in the state and national legislatures reserved for non-elected military officials. The three largest departments that are Defense, Home Affairs and Border Affairs are only able to be rule by active military officers, in accordance with the constitution of 2008.
This is why the influence and role that the army has in the resolution of the Rohingya conflict is crucial. However, at the very least Burmese security services, who actively involved in the containing of the violence that is raging in the Rakhine state, appear to favor using force over an alternative solution that is political. This is a reflection of the overall inability of security policies that are hardline to resolve the crisis.